Passive Smoking and the Effects of Secondhand Smoke to Children

Smoking is not only harmful to the smokers but also harmful to those around them, according to doctors and experts about the hazards of tobacco, particularly children are vulnerable affected by secondhand smoke
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What is passive smoking?

Passive smoking or inhaling secondhand smoke (English: passive smoking, secondhand smoking or exposure to Environmental tobacco smoke, abbreviation: ETS exposure) is a form of inhaled smoke from the air, without direct smoking tobacco or waterpipe tobacco and also be affected indirectly lead to the risk of diseases such as lung cancer.

Ingredient of smoke

Cigarette smoke is considered the most toxic substances in the environment of residence. When smoking, smokers often exhaled 2 smoke are main stream and secondary cigarette smoke and 20% smoke inhaled in the main stream, the 80% remaining is called secondary flow, arises when the pull of smoke (among inhalation) and when fire off.

Cigarette smoke is made of a mixture of gas and dust. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), in cigarette smoke have about 4,000 chemicals, of which 40 are classed as carcinogens, including substances such as nicotine, carbon oxide, tar and benzene, formaldehyde, ammonia , acetone, arsenic, hydrogen cyanide affect the entire nervous system, vascular and endocrine cause of cardiovascular disease, memory loss and cancer.

Passive Smoking and the Effects of Secondhand Smoke to Children

Nicotine is the substance in tobacco smoke, stick on skin, clothing or hair of the parents; this substance is considered “intermediaries” in the passive smoking in children. Nicotine levels in hair of infants sharing room with parents three times larger than the baby to sleep separately if their parents smoke.

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How does Secondhand smoke affect children?

Smoking is not only harmful to the smokers but also harmful to those around them, according to doctors and experts about the hazards of tobacco, particularly children are vulnerable affected by secondhand smoke

Children prone to Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)

Children can be infected smoke since was still in the fetus in the form of passivity. The pregnant mothers smoke or husbands smoke will be affected nicotine and carbon monoxide make the fetus becomes “a child love smoking” reluctantly, being chronically hypoxic and child may have asthma . The baby is prone to stillbirth, low birth weight than other children.

The functions of the nervous system

Inhaling smoke from other smokers will undermine the functioning of nerves as memory and the risk of schizophrenia 3 times higher than those who do not live in families with smokers.

In addition, scientists at the center of environmental health of children in the US has done research on nearly 4,400 children aged 6 – 16. The results showed that the children in environmental tobacco smoke will have many poor academic performances than other friends. A small amount of smoke in the house is enough to affect the ability of children to read and do math.

Secondhand smoke also causes pregnant mothers at risk born children with behavioral disorders, behavioral aggression, irritability, may have psychological problems such as attention deficit hyperactivity.

The lung problems, respiratory

In addition to increasing the risk of respiratory infections, passive smoking also causes an infant’s lungs grow more slowly.

While the child is in the womb, about 30% contaminated by mothers smoke cigarette during pregnancy, after born, more than half (50%) of children under age 5 suffer smoking by family members. These children are vulnerable to pneumonia, bronchitis than children of non-smoking parents, and children are more prone to wheezing, prone to earaches (otitis media)

Passive Smoking and the Effects of Secondhand Smoke to Children

There have been many studies demonstrate that passive smoking increases the risk of tuberculosis infection, the onset of asthma, bronchitis, pneumonia, … or do children often cough, runny nose.

Experts estimate that each year, Vietnam has about 150000-300000 children under 18 months of age with bronchiolitis or pneumonia related to smoking environments. Children under 1 year old are the children of the smokers with bronchitis or pneumonia is double the figure of those who do not smoke.

Children in families with smokers have more asthma risk increased by 2 times, the number hospitalized to treat asthma higher than children whose family members not smoking.

The results of a study carried out in South Africa shows that there is a relationship between passive smoking and the risk of infection with TB bacteria.

Mycobacterium tuberculosis increased in children living in a family with tuberculosis patients. The relationship between passive smoking and TB infection in children is a matter of concern in the context of smoking and TB disease is increasingly common in developing countries. A study by Dutch scientists conducted in South Africa showed that the number of passive smoking children living with a TB patient has high TB prevalence rate 5 times.

Those children exposed to tobacco smoke are easy to get pharyngitis, nasal congestion, hoarseness, and the flu than non-exposed children. Children exposed to secondhand smoke also cut tonsil and adenoidectomy more than normal.

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The immune system, cell function

Tobacco smoke has negative effects to the baby’s immune system in general and the lungs in particular. In addition, smoking reduces the amount of vitamin C in body as weaken the immune system faster.

Exposure to tobacco smoke can take away the anti-oxidization in the body of the child. The child exposure to tobacco smoke as much, the amount of anti-oxidization in the body is lower.
Exposure to cigarette smoke also change cell function as reducing clearance rate of inhaled substances and abnormal permeability of cells and blood vessels.

Cardiovascular system, blood pressure

Passive smoking may influence the child’s cardiac system. These effects include the limited supply of oxygen to the tissues of the body, reduce the heart rate response of the operation, and gradually increase your heart rate continuously.

Just inhaling small amounts of tobacco smoke can also cause arteries of children in danger, even just a little smoke in the home or in public areas also affect the cardiovascular health of children aged primary.

A study in Environmental Institute, University of Minnesota, US has shown that boys exposed to secondhand smoke tend to have higher blood pressure levels than other boys, so suffer the risk of developing high blood pressure when they grow up. Compared to boys not exposed to tobacco smoke, boys ages 8-17 exposed to secondhand smoke have a systolic blood pressure higher. But for girls, the opposite – lower blood pressure levels.

Digestive system, intestinal

Passive smoking is also a risk factor for other chronic intestinal diseases, colitis. Those children exposed to secondhand smoke are at risk of ulcers of the colon increase 2 times compared with children not exposed.

Other issues

When the smoke was slowly flying in a tight space, the atmosphere will be more air pollution up to 40 times than normal. In this environment, children will be stimulated, acrid eye that leads tear nose, itchy throat, chest pain, headache, dizziness, nausea. After half an hour continued to breathe, the carbon monoxide in the blood increased, heart rate increased quickly, reasoning skills, judgment impaired.

At home, young people exposed to cigarette smoke have risk of tobacco addiction1.5 to 2 times higher than those not exposed to tobacco smoke.

Some recent studies in the US and New Zealand to see if the mother smoked during pregnancy and after birth, the child prone to behavioral problems as disruptive…

Besides, not to mention the fire accident caused by tobacco and the victims are usually children.
“For the future of our children”

Toxins in cigarette smoke can cling to the hair, the clothes of the smoker; and cling to the surface of furniture, carpets and chairs very long time after smoke stop release. Children can be exposed to these objects when playing, hug smokers.
Therefore, if you are a smoker and have young children, avoid smoking in the home is the safest for children. Try to let children do not become victims of passive smoking. And if you can not give up this habit, try to smoke in places where children never there.

Suggest guests, friends and everyone in the family not to smoke in the area of your children, suggest people go with you and your child not smoke in cars. If you go to a restaurant or to the cinema, music show, make suggestions or purchase tickets in areas for none smoking. Not let the maids smoke indoors or near the children…

From the knowledge of the harmful effects, the effects of tobacco smoke on the health of children, you take the initiative with relatives, friends and the people around ensuring an environment for children, “No Smoking”, safe to children can develop heathly