You are wondering the composition of cigarettes?
One cigarette contains 0.8 – 1 g of tobacco, including 10-20 mg nicotine and over 2500 different chemicals: The substances that manufacturer has added in processing to create the fragrant smell of tobacco, toxins in tobacco leaves when planted tobacco: pesticides, arsenic, cadmium, etc. When burning cigarettes, a series of other toxic substances formed and 2500 chemicals in cigarettes was converted into 7,000 chemicals in cigarette smoke. 7,000 chemicals were divided into 4 groups as follows: Oxyde carbon (CO): go quickly into the bloodstream and take the place of oxygen in the red blood cells. Affinity of Erythrocyte hemoglobin for CO is stronger than O2 210 times and after smoking, a mount of red blood cell in the blood temporarily lost function to transport O2 for mounts CO. Consequently, we do not enough oxygen for the body to use. Asphalt: are substances that can cause cancer, about 60 substances such as benzopyrene, chlorua vinyl, napthalene, dimethynitrosamine, dibenzacridine etc
Stimulants: aldenydes, acroleine, phenols … stimulate the bronchial tree and the root causes of respiratory diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma aggravate etc.
Nicotine: great affinity with nicotine receptors in the brain, when it binds to receptors causes the neuropsychiatric effects, decided to arise and maintain tobacco addiction.
What is Tobacco addiction?
Tobacco addiction is understood simply as the loss completely free to say no to tobacco. Smokers can not “forget” smoking and may be compelled to smoke if would be feeling “hungry” tobacco. Tobacco addiction forced smokers to smoke continuously; smoke even when get illnesses caused by smoking: breathing oxygen from respiratory failure, amputation of the lower leg because of embolism. Smoking addiction appears as consequences of neuropsychiatric effects by nicotine. Tobacco addiction is usually a combination of psychological, behavioral and physical – pharmacology addiction.
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Why nicotine can cause many neuropsychiatric effects?
When nicotine binding to nicotine receptors on nerve cells in the “reward center” at the brain limbic system, the intermediate chemical neurotransmitters includes dopamine, serotonin and noradrenaline are released. They cause many neuropsychiatric effects such as feeling refreshed, happy mood, increased attention, increased cognitive function and short-term memory. Brains quickly realized that tobacco can be used to stimulate the secretion of dopamine and thus boot process of smoking last many months and years.
Neuropsychological effects of nicotine caused strongly that make smokers could not decide to stop smoking, and they are willing to accept the harm of tobacco in exchange for many neuropsychiatric effects.
There are any correlation between smoking addiction and Alcoholism?
Smoking and drinking are two behaviors often go hand in hand. Heavy smokers often drink more alcohol, and vice versa 95% of alcoholics also a heavy smoker. But who was addicted to tobacco and alcohol has often die from tobacco harm than the harm of alcohol. In fact the majority of alcoholics are smokers, but the opposite side, the majority of smokers drink, fortunately not becomes a reality. People can quit drinking while still smoking but can not quit smoking while still drink so recommendation is quit alcohol before quit smoking or simultaneous withdrawal both : alcohol and tobacco simultaneously.
Smokers fast onset and not dependent on time or number of cigarettes smoked more or less, meaning that in smokers, internal factors have special importance. Meanwhile, alcoholism has slower onset and dependence on time and alcohol consumption, social factors have a decisive role Alcoholism is more important than smoking cessation.
Who smoke will become addicted, doesn’t it?
Not exactly: Some people never want to smoke; some people have tried to smoke and quit quickly; some others have started smoking early, but many years later, they smoke every day; however some people quickly addicted right first cigarette.
This difference is due to gene regulation. The nerve cells and nicotine receptor on the surface of nerve cells not completely homogeneous among the individuals and therefore will react differently when exposed to nicotine. In some people, receptor is inert with nicotine so nicotine can not cause neuropsychological effect, so they will never addict. In some others, at first exposure to nicotine, nicotine receptors react sharply, causing various effects and onset addicted tobacco.But we can never predict the person does not respond to nicotine. So it is better to never try!
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How many cigarettes a day that will not addict?
Research published in the American specialized journals in 2002 (Tobacco Control) showed that people can become addicted to tobacco when smoking 2 cigarettes with only 1 week. Young people become addicted very quickly because the brain is in mature stage, more vulnerable than adults. Women is easy to get addicted than men.
Depending on the physical characteristics by the gene will determine the sensitivity of the nicotine receptors in the brain to nicotine in tobacco, nicotine addiction can occur in people without happening to other people. When the receptor is sensitive, the nicotine addiction process starts immediately from the first cigarette, the nicotine binding on receptor, not necessarily waits until smoke another cigarette.
Smoking can cause pathological?
Cigarette is generally harmful to all organs in the body. Leading diseases caused by tobacco are cancer: 30% of all cancers. Lung cancer is ranked in the first position, next is cancers of other organs may be mentioned as: larynx, pharynx, oral cavity, esophagus, teaching thick, pancreas, bladder, kidneys; cervical, and breast in women. Cigarette smoking increases the risk of lung cancer 15 times, larynx 10 times, esophagus 7 times, oral cavity and kidney 4 times, bladder 3 times, pancreas 2 times. Smokers are also at risk of blood cancer, brain cancer higher than normal, especially when exposed to passive smoking in the womb or as a child.
The non-cancerous diseases caused by tobacco are numerous: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; Cardiovascular disease: cardiomyopathy ischemia, stroke, lower limb artery embolization; gastrointestinal diseases such as ulcerative gastroduodenal; effects on male reproductive function as well as women; influence the normal progression of pregnancy. Exposed passively to tobacco smoke can cause a number of diseases in children such as increased incidence of otitis media, acute asthma, etc.
Smoke how many cigarettes a day is not harmful to health?
Smoking even a few cigarettes a day are also harmful to health. Thus in smoking does not “safe threshold” means no milestone that sucked under that mark is safe for health. However, because everyone has different bodies so harms of tobacco on each person also in many different levels. Some smokers being affected by smoking such as lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease very early, some others appear disease slower, even some smokers smoked 30-40 years but not appear a serious illness caused by the harmful effects of tobacco.
The problem is we have no way to know who is sensitive to tobacco, will soon be affected by tobacco; who are less sensitive to tobacco, will slowly be affected by tobacco. So the recommendation given for everyone is quit smoking as soon as possible.
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What is the best Method of smoking cessation?
No method is known as “amazing” to quit smoking! There is no drug that can make a person smoke a package of tobacco and quit after 1 day. Smoking cessation success was not for the “miracle” that the “efforts” of yourself. Thus the imperative condition for successful smoking cessation was: Dertimined to quit smoking. To mitigate discomfort when quitting, science today has found support methods are effective, but because of supporting so these methods can not replace the determination of smokers.
These support measures may include are: cognitive therapy counseling behavior change that guide the plans, strategies resolve difficult situations, discomfort when smoking cessation, avoiding “pitfalls” that make smokers relapse; support drug include nicotine replacement, bupropion, varenicilline help relieve unpleasant symptoms of nicotine withdrawal syndrome in entity – pharmacology addicted.
Whether it whatsoever method, successfully quit smoking is also a result of a long maturing process, determined to quit smoking are nurtured over time. Relapse is not considered a failure in smoking cessation; the reverse is a necessary step, the first step to successfully quit smoking.
So quit smoking entirely dependent on the will?
Determined to quit smoking is very important in smoking cessation. But determination alone is not enough for smoking cessation success. The brain of smokers, especially the entity – pharmacology addicted recognized nicotine as an essential component, indispensable in normal neuropsychological activity. Many smokers are “forced” to smoke whether they “do not want”. In this case of using drugs to support smoking cessation combined with determination to quit smoking will have higher success rates.
However in the case of tobacco addiction mainly psychological, behavioral that is only determination can help smokers quit smoking permanently. However if they can’t quit smoking, it is a typical example of “less determined to quit smoking.”
Whether stop smoking by reducing gradually the number of cigarettes smoked per day or not?
This is not a good measure to quit smoking. By This way, the amount of nicotine and toxins that enter the body has not diminished and tobacco addiction phenomenon continues to be maintained. So, quit smoking completely, instantly addition not only helps affirm the determination of people quit smoking, but also the only measure to cut off drug mechanisms.
However the reduction of the quantity of cigarettes can proceed in a short period from 1 to 2 weeks, in the time waiting smoking cessation drug has effect. In this phase smokers focus on each cigarettes they smoke, actively not smoking cigarettes as”reflex”, “psychological” which smokers say “no need” to smoke . The further extend this period does not guarantee quit smoking successfully, whereas an increased risk of relapse.
Immediately quit all the cigarette has made me “shocked” or not?
Stop smoking completely, immediately could lead to a sudden lack of nicotine in the blood rise to the tobacco withdrawal syndrome: irritability, restlessness, insomnia, etc. The severity of symptoms depends on the level of addiction is heavy or light, and so can be “shock” for addicts really heavy. However in most cases of moderate or less addicted this syndrome is quite annoying but not caused “shocking”.
Tobacco withdrawal syndrome is not last forever, usually appears 24 hours after quiting in the first week and decrease during 4-6 weeks after smoking cessation. Many people quit smoking can overcome this period with a little “bear”, “effort”. However, if people quit smoking feel too uncomfortable or no confidence to overcome this stage, doctors will prescribe drugs to alleviate the discomfort.
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Why decisions to quit smoking are too difficult?
70% of smokers have intentions to quit smoking even though they do not admit it. However the intention to quit smoking has many barriers. These barriers can be cited as smoking cessation fear failure, fear not resist the temptation of tobacco temptation, irritability, sadness, fear loss “image” in the eyes of friends and relatives.Consult smoking cessation help reduce barriers and build confidence in successful smoking cessation.
I only smoke a few cigarettes a day, sure does no harm!
There is no safe level of smoking; smoking two cigarettes a day is still harmful to health as often. The risk of cancers related to the time smoking than the number of cigarettes smoked per day. When time smoking Increase by double, the risk of cancer due to smoking is not double but increase 24-25 times that is more than 16-32 times.
After smoking cessation, how long I do not become addicted to cigarettes?
It should be reiterated that people had been smoking will never be the same as people who do not smoke, never smoke. The risk of relapse is always lurking so you should be vigilant. Some people who quit smoking said: “Sometimes I want to smoke a cigarette for fun, but I know that if I suck back even a little, then I’ll stop smoking and so relapse “.