Smoking Cessation Handbook
Additional information about tobacco addiction presented here is the problems that many people in the community are concerned. This information is aimed at smokers in the general community who are not fully aware of the cigarette and its harm and do not want to quit smoking.
1. Composition of tobacco?
One cigarette contains 0.8 – 1 g of tobacco, including 10-20 mg nicotine and over 2.500 different chemicals: These substances have added in processing to create the fragrant smell of tobacco, toxins in tobacco are created when planted tobacco: pesticides, arsenic, cadmium, etc.
Readmore: How To Quit Smoking Cigarettes Naturally by Yourself
When burn cigarettes, a series of other toxic substances are formed and 2.500 chemicals in cigarettes was converted into 7.000 chemicals in smoke. 7.000 chemicals were divided into 4 groups as follows:
Carbon oxyde (CO): go quickly into the bloodstream and take the place of oxygen in the erythrocyte. Affinity of hemoglobin Erythrocyte for CO is stronger than O2 210 times and like that way, after smoking, a number of erythrocyte in the blood temporarily lost transport O2 function because it is connected to CO. Consequently, not enough oxygen for the body to use.
Asphalt: are carcinogenic substances, about 60 substances such as benzopyrene, vinyl chloride (synthetic plastic bags ingredients), napthalene (insecticide termite), dimethynitrosamine, dibenzacridine etc.
Stimulants: aldenydes, acroleine, phenols etc. stimulate the bronchial tree and the causes of respiratory diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma aggravate etc.
Nicotine: great affinity for nicotine receptors in the brain, when it binds to receptors causes the neuropsychiatric effects, decided to arise and maintain tobacco addiction.
2. What is the smoking addiction?
Tobacco addiction is understood simply as the loss completely free to say no to tobacco. Smokers can not “forget” smoking, the opposite may be compelled to smoke if would be feeling “hungry” drug. Tobacco forced to smoke continuous months and years, smoke when had illnesses caused by smoking: breathing oxygen from respiratory failure, amputation of the leg because of embolism. Smokers appear as consequences of neuropsychiatric effects by causing substance nicotine. Tobacco addiction is usually a combination of psychological, behavioral and physical addiction – pharmacology.
3. What is psychological addiction?
Psychological addiction is smokers addict to identify neuropsychological effects when smoking for example: euphoria, excitement, increased ability to focus. Features of psychological dependence each person is different because the psychological addiction depending on circumstances, space, time, and demand neuropsychological effects corresponding to the particular situation. For example, psychology addiction will smoke while drinking coffee with friends to find the feeling of pleasure, smoke while working to increase the level of concentration, smokes before entering resolved stressful situations, dangerous to reduce stress, etc.
Readmore: Help You Quit smoking Easier
4. What is behavioral addiction?
Behavior addiction is when the smokers as a classical conditioning has arisen in a particular situation. They absorb following the reflex rather than by the body actually needs nicotine. Accordingly, the act of smoking appears in specific situations, repeatedly, in the order in time. Example: after finished eating- smoking; drinking coffee in the morning – smoking, meet friends- smoking.
5. What is entity- pharmacological addiction?
Some smokers are called entity- pharmacological addiction when the smoking has become a necessity, indispensable, irresistible in life. Their bodies need nicotine to normal activity, because the absence of nicotine will appear the symptoms of tobacco withdrawal symptoms such as: the strong feeling want to smoke; Feeling irritable, irritability, nervousness; Do not concentrate; Sadness, anxiety; Appetite; Sleep disturbance. And these symptoms will disappear when they smoke again.
Readmore: How To Quit Smoking Cigarettes Naturally by Yourself
6. Why nicotine can cause many neuropsychiatric effects?
When nicotine binding to nicotine receptors on nerve cells in the “reward center” at the brain limbic system, the intermediate chemical neurotransmitters includes dopamine, serotonin and noradrenaline are released. They cause many neuropsychiatric effects such as feeling refreshed, happy mood, increased attention, increased cognitive function and short-term memory.
Brains quickly realized that tobacco can be used to stimulate the secretion of dopamine and thus boot process of smoking for several years. Neuropsychological effects of nicotine caused sometimes really strong that smokers could not decide the time to stop smoking, and they are willing to accept the harm of tobacco in exchange for such neuropsychiatric effects.
7. Is there any correlation between smokers and Alcoholics?
Smoking and drinking are two behaviors often go hand in hand. Heavy smokers often drink more alcohol, and vice versa 95% of alcoholics also a heavy smoker. But who was addicted to both tobacco and alcohol has often died from tobacco harm than the harm of alcohol. In fact, the majority of alcoholics are also smoke addiction, but the opposite sides, the majority of smokers that drink, fortunately not become a reality.
They can be alcohol withdrawal while still smoking but can not get tobacco cessation while still drink so recommendations is that they should be alcohol withdrawal before quit smoking or simultaneous withdrawal both : alcohol and tobacco.
Readmore: The Method To Quit Smoking Successfully
Smoking addiction is fast onset and not dependent on time or number of cigarettes smoked more or less, meaning that in smoking addiction, internal factors have special importance. Meanwhile, Alcoholics is slower onset and dependence on time and alcohol consumption, social factors has a decisive role to decide Alcoholics is more important than smoking addiction.
8. All people smoke are becoming addicted to cigarettes, aren’t they?
Not so: Some people never want to smoke; some people have tried to smoking and quit quickly; some others have started smoking early but many years later, they smoke regular every day; however some people quickly addicted right first cigarette.
This difference is due to gene regulation. The nerve cells and nicotine receptor on the surface of nerve cells not completely homogeneous between individuals and therefore will react differently when exposed to nicotine. In some people, receptor is inert with nicotine so nicotine should not cause neuropsychological effect yet, so they will never be smoking addiction. In some others, at first expose to nicotine nicotine, the receptors react sharply, causing various neuropsychiatric effects and onset addictive tobacco.
But we can never predict who is the person does not respond to nicotine, no tobacco addiction. So it is better to never try!
9. How many cigarettes a day is not addicted?
The Research published in the Journal of the American in 2002 (Tobacco Control) showed that people can become addicted to tobacco when smoking 2 cigarettes with only 1 week. Young people become addicted very quickly because the brain is in mature stage, more vulnerable than adults, if they smoke sooner, theyrisk to become addicted is high. Women are easy to addict than men.
Depending on the physical characteristics by the gene specified will determine the sensitivity of the nicotine receptors in the brain to nicotine in tobacco, nicotine addiction can occur in people without happening to other people. When the sensitive nicotine receptors start immediately from the first cigarette process, the nicotine receptor binding, not necessarily waits until they smoke a lot is addicted.
10. Smoking can cause any pathological?
In general, Cigarette is harmful to all organs in the body.
Leading diseases caused by tobacco are cancer: 30% of all cancers. Lung cancer tops the list followed by cancers of other organs may be mentioned are: larynx, pharynx, oral cavity, esophagus, pancreas, bladder, kidneys; cervical, and breast in women. Smoking increases the risk of lung cancer 15 times, larynx 10 times, esophagus 7 times, oral cavity and kidney 4 times, bladder 3 times, pancreas 2 times. Smokers are also at risk of blood cancer, brain cancer higher than normal, especially when exposed to passive smoking in the foetus or as a child.
The non-cancerous diseases caused by tobacco are numerous: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; Cardiovascular disease: cardiomyopathy ischemia, stroke, lower limb artery embolization; gastrointestinal diseases such as ulcerative gastroduodenal; effects on male reproductive function as well as women; influence the normal progression of pregnancy. Exposed passively to tobacco smoke can cause a number of diseases in children such as increased incidence of otitis media, acute asthma, etc.
11. How many cigarettes a day is not harmful to health?
Smoking even a few cigarettes just a day, or once long time just one are also harmful to health. Thus in smoking without the so-called “safe threshold” means no milestone that smokes under that mark is safe for health.
However, because everyone is different bodies so harms of tobacco per person also in many different levels. Some smokers being affected by smoking such as lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is very early, some others appear slower disease, even some smokers had 30-40 years then that is not a serious illness caused by the appearance of the harmful effects of tobacco.
Readmore: What Happens To Your Body When You Quit Smoking
The problem is we have no way to know who is sensitive to tobacco: will soon be affected by tobacco; who are less sensitive to tobacco: will slowly be affected by tobacco. So the recommendation given for everyone is quit smoking as soon as possible.
12. Pipe Tobacco – waterpipe tobacco is safer than cigarette holders?
The people smoke pipe tobacco is “shallower” but “tighter” than at the top so that the tobacco had not been dragged away. The cancer-causing substances in tobacco smoke exposure on lining of the throat and mouth area rather than going deep into the lungs thus causing the pharynx and mouth cancer more.
Waterpipe tobacco smoke goes through water before come to the body. The amount of Tar in waterpipe tobacco is lower than cigarette holders, however due to the combustion of tobacco smoke in the environment occur less oxygen so carbon oxide volume so (CO) is higher, it’s easy to be poisoning CO.
Tobacco has amount of nicotine and tar is higher than the cigarette holders industry with the same weight 3-6 times. Thus it can be said that the than tobacco is toxic than cigarette holders.
13. Cigar is safer than cigarette holders?
Cigar is diffenrent from a cigarette holder about larger size and is wrapped in the leaves of the trees outside not paper as in cigarette. Smoke cigar is more dangerous than smoking cigarettes because of nicotine in cigar are higher than 10 times, ammonia is higher more than 20 times, metals cadmium 10 times in cigarette. Tobacco in cigar also have more nitrate, a precursor of a very potent carcinogen is N-nitrosamines.
14. “Light” Tobacco, cigarettes for “women” is safer than cigarettes, isn’t it?
These types of “light” cigarettes, for “female” with the amount of nicotine and tar in the cigarettes is lower than the normal cigarette so manufacturers advertise that cigarettes is safer!
But this is a misleading advertisement. The amount of toxins measured in cigarettes is different from the amount of toxins that enter the body. The way to smoke leads to toxins in each person is different. Due to the amount of nicotine in “light” cigarettes for “female”is lower than normal cigarettes so smokers will automatically sucked deeper, more to compensate lack of nicotine, so the amount of toxins in tobacco which absorb to the body with no less amount of than ordinary cigarettes.
15. Whether filtered Cigarette is safer than unfiltered cigarettes?
The filter is advertised by manufacturers that can reduce the amount of tar entering the lungs. The filter is composed of ingredients such as cellulose acetate, activated charcoal and sometimes resins exchange ion.
For granular substances in tobacco smoke, filter just stops only particles have larger diameter. 100% small particle diameter and 50% average particle diameter (about 100 nm) still enters the body through the filter; for gaseous substances in tobacco smoke are naturally the filter can’t stop, while in the more than 4,000 toxic substances, there are 3000 substances are in gas status.
Further similar cases of “light” smoke for “female”, smokers tend to adjust themselves unconsciously the ways to achieve the concentration of nicotine as a regular smoking, and filter by forming a resistance that make smokers to use stronger gravity and consequently the amount of toxins that enter the body really has not diminished, on the contrary increased.
Filter has yellow color; it doesn’t mean that the poison was filtered again. Indeed when exposed to air, nicotine will transform into oxide nicotine has yellow color. If they smoke much, the filter will yellower and the amount of nicotine and tar as much enters the body. Yellow does not prove to be as effective filter which only proved that the amount of nicotine, tar and other toxins into the body through the filter is more.
II. Smoking cessation:
Information on smoking cessation presented below is issues which patients go to health facilities are concerned. This information is aimed at smokers to medical facilities including the person who not want to quit smoking, who was determined to quit smoking and those who just quit smoking.
A. The problem for the people who don’t want to quit smoking concerned:
16. Which is the best method of smoking cessation?
No method is known as “amazing” to quit smoking! There is no drug that can turn a people that smoke whole package per day into a person don’t smoke after only 1 day. Smoking cessation success was not for the “miracle” that the “efforts” of yourself. Thus it is imperative for successful smoking cessation was: determination of the person who wants to quit smoke. To mitigate discomfort when quitting, science today has found support methods are effective, but because of the support so these methods can not replace the determination of people quit smoking.
These support measures may include are: consult cognitive therapy behavior guide the smokers plans, strategies resolve difficult, discomfort situations when smoking cessation, avoiding “pitfalls” that smokers relapse; support drugs include nicotine replacement, bupropion, varenicilline help relieve unpleasant symptoms of nicotine withdrawal syndrome in addicted entity – pharmacology.
Whether the method is, successful of quit smoking is also a result of a long maturing process determined to quit smoking are nurtured over time. Relapse is not considered a failure in smoking cessation; the reverse is a necessary step, the first step to successful smoking cessation.
17. So smoking cessation depending entirely on the will?
Determined to quit smoking is very important in smoking cessation. But determination alone is not enough to quit smoking successfully. The brain of smokers, especially the entity – pharmacology addiction recognized nicotine as an essential component, indispensable in normal neuropsychological activity. The smokers are “forced” to smoke whether they “do not want”. In this case the use of drugs to support smoking cessation combined with determination to quit smoking will bring higher success rates.
However in the case of tobacco addiction mainly psychological, behavioral that is only determination will help you to quit smoking entirely. However if they can’t quit, it is a typical example of “less determined to quit smoking.”
18. Whether Smokers not really determined to quit smoking can success?
Determined to stop smoking are formed over time through these stages is presented in Prochaska cycle: apathy stage, intend stage, preparation stage, smoking cessation stages and phases of relapse or success. This process takes time and especially to the information, thinking, pondering.
Shortening the period can help smokers quit smoking in the short term but very high relapse rate. A person who smokes had a traffic accident in the hospital they were punished to quit smoking, but they would relapse when they discharge from hospital. This person can not quit smoking because smoking cessation in hospital as a result of compulsion and not because they really want to quit after deliberation, thought to be determined to quit smoking.
19. Can quit smoking by reducing the amount of cigarettes?
This is not a good measure to quit smoking; smokers unconsciously adjust movements deeper, longer than cigarette when smoking the cigarettes is allowed. By this way the amount of nicotine and toxins that enter the body has not diminished and tobacco addiction phenomenon continues to be maintained. So, quit smoking completely, instantly addition to help affirm the determination of people quit smoking, the only remaining measure is to cut off drug mechanisms.
However the reduction of the quantity of cigarettes can proceed in a short period 1 to 2 weeks of standby time the adjunct has effect. In this phase of smokers concentrate on each cigarette they smoke, actively not smoke follow the “reflex”, “psychological” which smokers say “no need” to smoke. The further extend this transitional period does not guarantee successful smoking cessation, whereas an increased risk of relapse.
20. Quit ASAP and whether all the cigarette has made me “shocked”?
Stop smoking completely, immediately could lead to a sudden lack of nicotine in the blood rise to the tobacco withdrawal syndrome: irritability, restlessness, insomnia, etc. The severity of symptoms depends on the extent of tobacco addiction before it is heavy or light, and so can be a “shock” for addicts really heavy. However in most cases of moderate or less addicted this syndrome although annoying but not so “shocked”.
Tobacco withdrawal syndrome is not last forever, usually appears 24 hours after withdrawal from heavy cigarette up in the first week and the first decrease during 4-6 weeks after smoking cessation. Many people quit smoking can overcome this period with a little “bear”, “effort”. However, if people quit smoking feel too uncomfortable or no confidence can overcome this stage, doctors will prescribe drugs that stop-smoking support to alleviate the discomfort.
21. When is considered as the most appropriate to stop smoking?
No time is called the “ideal” to quit smoking; really the best time is when smokers decide to quit smoking. Therefore, smoking cessation decision can implement immediately at the time was considered “difficult” one, “insurmountable” as break up, divorce. When smokers think this time will pass quit smoking challenge at all costs, it is a good time to quit smoking.
22. Why go to smoking cessation decision is so difficult?
70% of smokers have intentions to quit smoking even though they do not admit that. However the intention toward quit smoking decision has many barriers.
These barriers can be cited as smoking cessation fear failure, fear not resist the temptation of tobacco, fear symptoms of tobacco withdrawal symptoms, fear stimuli, irritability, sadness, fear gain weight, loss “image” in the eyes of friends and relatives.
Tobacco addiction treatment advice helps reduce barriers and build confidence in successful smoking cessation.
23. Why do some people quit smoking very easily, others are not?
The reason why a person comes to tobacco, as well as smoking cessation motive in each person is different so that determination quit smoking is different too.
Characteristics and level of tobacco dependence on each person is different. There are people who are mostly addicted entity – pharmacology, others mainly psychological – behavior addiction. Some slight addiction, others have more severe addiction, addiction is more complex, combining alcohol, marijuana, etc.
Living and working environment, the stop-smoking support from the surrounding environment is also different between different individuals. That is the reason why some people easy to quit, some others are not.
24. Who quit smoking also gained weight, doesn’t it?
You can quit smoking completely without gaining weight (or gain very little)! The key point is to maintain balance between eating leads to accumulation of fat and energy consumption leading to the release of fat.
Stop smoking as reduced energy consumption, the reason is that nicotine in cigarettes has increased metabolic effects basically, now no longer have so basic metabolic and energy consumption is reduced. Meanwhile the smoking cessation causes cravings and eating more, the reason is nicotine in cigarettes has the effect of causing hyperglycemia reduce the feeling of hunger, now no longer do hunger reappeared. Furthermore, quit smoking when nerve cells taste, smell better that make the people quit smoking see the food is more delicious. Consequently, people quit smoking will gain weight easily from 3-4 kg compared with prior smoking cessation.
Note: you must follow the proper diet, avoid eating sugar, fat combined with more physical activity, at least 30 minutes / day, completely can prevent gain weight. Besides supporting the smoking cessation drugs as nicotine replacement, bupropion may limit gain weight after smoking cessation. And finally, the rise of a few kilograms after smoking cessation is still better than the health impacts while continuing smoking.
25. Why quit smoking can lead to depression in some cases?
Smoking stimulates neurone in the brain increase constantly mediated neurotransmission, a number of very closely related to regulating mood: serotonin and noradrenaline. When quitting, the secretion of neurotransmitter here reduced and sadness mood, even depression can appear from 2 to 3 weeks after smoking cessation with no clear reason. Depressive reactions appear to be interested in the treatment lasts a few months for fear of relapse, and relapse is inevitable if not detected and treated.
26. Why should quit smoking before surgical intervention?
All patients need surgical intervention would have to completely quit smoking before surgery, ideally before 3 weeks. Smoking before surgery, increasing some risks such as: Laryngospasm when conducting anesthesia.
Bronchi and excessive salivation when revived after surgery is the cause coughing sputum, very uncomfortable.
Abdominal surgery scar will be broader because coughing increase pressure on the abdomen. Also wound scars has poor quality, especially when the wound cut through the arteries (such as amputation, surgical implants can not be put out if patients still smoke).
The new study shows that hospital-acquired infections (during hospitalization) increased over time and postoperative hospital stays and longer.
27. I am still young, slowly smoking cessation is not too late! I’m old, has also quit smoking to no avail!
The much time you smoke, the risk of health impacts on high, as long as smoking more addictive the more severe, the level, the more difficult to quit smoking. It is best to quit smoking as soon as possible.
However, smoking cessation at any time is not late for the benefits on health always have to stop smoking.
Thus in smoking cessation is no concept “quit too soon!” Or “quit too late!” Concept only “Quit the sooner the better!”
28. I only smoke a few cigarettes a day, sure does not hurt!
There is no safe level of smoking, smoking two cigarettes a day despite a still harmful to health as often. The risk of such cancers related to smoking time than the number of cigarettes smoked per day. When time of smoking increase double, the risk of cancer due to smoking is not double but increase 24 – 25 times that is more 16-32 times.
B. The problem people want to quit smoking interested
29. The menu when quit smoking to avoid gain weight?
Do not use the word diet used in smoking cessation because it is not a matter of fasting or eating less but just adjusting to good eating habits, which has the habit of drinking beer.
When quit smoking, you should make reasonable diet: in the morning eat much, moderate in lunch, dinner less; eats well: avoid skipping meals, snacks; eat less fat, more vegetables and varied. Need to prepare some snacks like fruit, yogurt, in case of emergency like hypoglycemia in the early stages of quit smoking, avoid sweets, cakes for snacks will lead to gain weight. Excessive drinking habits should be corrected.
“New” Eating habits should be maintained long after smoking cessation and if possible widespread for the whole family is very good.
30. How can I change the habit of drinking coffee when quit smoking?
Coffee and cigarettes are very tightly linked to smokers. Therefore not surprising to see that there are some smokers drink liters coffee per day.
When quitting, people who quit smoking to set a new habit is to drink coffee without smoking. This can be difficult, so in the early stages to reduce the number and amount of coffee down to avoid temptation. The smoking cessation should be advised to drink coffee only 2-3 times a day, focusing at noon to avoid feeling sleepy during the day. Tobacco smoke contains hydrocarbure effect increases the activity of an enzyme metabolism coffee in the liver. When quit smoking, this enzyme doesn’t active strongly that makes the amount of caffeine is kept longer in the body, if they continue to drink a lot of coffee as before, it would cause irritability, restlessness and insomnia in some cases.
31. How could I change drinking habits to quit smoking?
The link between alcohol and tobacco is very firm. Many smokers drink more alcohol than people smoke less. Both of these may impact rewards through dopaminergic effects in the brain. Alcohol has anxiolytic effects, while tobacco is mainly stimulant effects. Drink much continuity as an obstacle to smoking cessation. Quit smoking is much easier when not drink too much alcohol.
In both cases, smoking and alcoholism addiction, withdrawal must proceed simultaneously. However if this is too difficult, you need to move patients to higher level or conduct more intensive alcohol first and then after smoking cessation. Some people still drink heavily is unable to quit smoking.
32. I crave smokes when I see other people smoke!
Environment around smoking: the family or in the workplace is a barrier to successful smoking cessation. The smoking cessation should create the environment around them not to smoke. Need widely reported for the family and friends of the society decide their own smoking cessation and ask people to support to quit smoking by not smoking in front, do not invite smoking cigarette.
Some people do not dare to say to people around about the smoking cessation decision for fear of shame or even “lose face” if I smoke again. Need to get rid of this mentality because relapse is also a step to successful quitting, it is not something to be ashamed of, as opposed to this notice will create more favorable environment for tobacco cessation.
33. There are some times of the day when drink coffee, a meal, I felt like to smoke!
Smoking is repeated in a long time in the fixed circumstances will make smoking behavior are implemented as classical conditioning. People call this is behavioral addiction. To break the chain of classical conditioning must remove at least one chain: eg normal after lunch to sit back to drink tea, flossing and smoking, person who quit smoking are recommended after eating, standing up right away brushing or do something and not sit too long at the table. Persons who usually smoke when drinking coffee is recommended to drink coffee later or earlier than times daily, drinking at a place other than you’re used to drink, drinking with another man…
34. Why do I lose sleep when quit smoking?
Insomnia is a symptom of nicotine withdrawal syndrome occurs when smokers quit smoke by themselves, not use the drug. Insomnia usually transient and manifested in the form is difficult to fall asleep. The smoking cessation has used nicotine replacement may be insomnia. There are two reasons can explain for this. The first reason is not enough doses of nicotine withdrawal symptoms appear, this time is like the case of self-medication not quit smoking, stop smoking who would find it difficult to go to sleep. The second reason is due to the effects of nicotine replacement patch especially in the form of 24 hours, at which people quit smoking is not difficult to go to sleep but was woken again or at midnight, or nightmare. Just remove the patch at night, these symptoms will diminish.
35. What is the treatment of cognitive – behavioral change?
Treatment of cognitive – behavioral change is a form of psychological treatment, on the basis of the analysis of thinking – cognitive, emotional – beliefs, and behaviors arising from thoughts and that trust scheme: Practices- Awareness- Emotional Behavior.
Treatment of cognitive – behavioral change targeted altering certain behavior occurs outside the will of itself, make hurdles to themselves and thus want remove this behavior. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy helps analysts to understand the path of awareness and feelings can lead to acts that want to regulate themselves, help replace this behavior with a more appropriate behavior.
Readmore: How To Quit Smoking In 5 days – You Absolutely Can Do It!
Treatment of cognitive – behavioral change can do once a week and last for many months. They include a series exercises help remove the link between a “this practice” with an “other acts”. In such smoking cessation, treatment of cognitive – behavioral change to help remove the link between a practice as: coffee, after a meal, meets friends with smoking behavior.
Treatment of cognitive – behavioral change in smoking cessation is often conducted in-depth consultation, and proved very effective in the various stages of smoking cessation: nicotine withdrawal prepare, is smoking cessation or tobacco relapse prevention. Solving skills in these situations is a part of cognitive therapy.
C. The problem of people just quit smoking interested:
36. After smoking cessation, how long doesn’t become addicted to cigarettes?
It should be reiterated that people had been smoking will never be the same as people who never smoke. The risk of relapse is always lurking therefore need to be alert. Some people who quit smoking said: “Sometimes I want to smoke a cigarette for fun, but I know that if I smoke even a little, then I’ll stop could not resist the second smoke and so relapse “
37. After smoking cessation how long can I feel the benefits of smoking cessation?
The smoking cessation will feel the benefit of smoking cessation is very fast. The most obvious is feeling breathable, who quit smoking more than one week will feel no difficulty breathing when walking up stairs and smokers play sport will see improved performance without much effort.
Smell and taste will recover then; they will smell back some flavor that in a very long time did not smell, the taste of food becomes tastier.
The spirit of people quit smoking will more refreshed, feeling “fit” better, brighter color. The smoking cessation in the first day or more to dirty sputum in bronchitis, cough is a good sign of recovery operations of bronchial cilia cells. Typically cough lasts only a few days.
38. After smoking cessation how long the risk of the harmful effects of tobacco decreased?
After quitting, the risk of lung cancer will decrease, reducing the risk rate inversely proportional to the amount of time before smoking. The risk of lung cancer in smokers who quit smoking a few years ago is as the risk of non-smokers after a few years of smoking cessation. Conversely a 20-year smoking cessation before the risk can only be reduced to 80% after 15 to 20 years of smoking cessation.
After quitting, the risk of cardiovascular (heart attack, stroke) fell faster. When quit smoking, impact of vasospasm of nicotine reducing immediately, CO was excreted fast within 24 hour and thus the risk of cardiovascular-related CO also decreased. The risk of myocardial infarction on people quit smoking reduce 50% after one year and returned to the level of nonsmokers after 5 years.
39. After smoking cessation can smoke few cigarettes for happy?
Never: just smoke a bit and can reconstruct the path addictive like tobacco before smoking cessation and relapse quickly. Smokers have the nerve cells in the brain have special nicotine receptors sensitive to nicotine in tobacco, smoking just one cigarette vapor, nicotine binds to receptors and causes effects as former mental and addictive quickly return.
40. After smoking cessation, then, the possibility of relapse is high or not?
90% of people who quit smoking the first time will relapse. Relapse can occur very soon. Often fall into severe cases, even with high determination when quit smoking, but not supported drug addiction adequately. The reason is that the symptoms of tobacco withdrawal syndrome are too heavy.
Relapse can occur during the average time. People often fall into a smoking cessation were the side affects of the smoking cessation such uncontrolled gain weight, depression.
Relapse can occur very late. Often is the case off guard tried smoking a cigarette in the time of strongly fluctuating emotional tone: funny too (birthdays, family reunited, meet friends, promoted salary, promotion) ; or sad (mourning, divorce, loss of job).
Smoking cessation is a long learning process requires students to self-experience; relapse is mandatory steps people have to pass to quit smoking successfully. However, it should assert that relapse is not a failure in smoking cessation